Chapter in “Graphene Nanoelectronics”

One of the first books on graphene «Graphene Nanoelectronics» is finally published by Springer. All chapters could be downloaded at official site. Prof. Sinitskii has contributed to the chapter on graphene oxide.

Chapter 8. Chemical Approaches to Produce Graphene Oxide and Related Materials

Alexander Sinitskii and James M. Tour

The “physical” separation of graphite layers with adhesive tape was a novel approach that spawned a flurry of activity but the chemical separation of graphite layers has been known for decades. The chapter starts off with a historical perspective of chemical exfoliation. The following topics are then discussed in detail: the morphology of chemically converted graphene (CCG) and grapheme oxide (GO); models and supporting experiments that provide insight into the structural properties of GO; electrical characterization of CCG and GO; improvements made in CCG formation and functionalization of CCG; and, obtaining graphene ribbons from carbon nanotubes (CNTs).


The rapid growth of the electronics industry can be attributed in large part to the scalability of the transistor. Continued scaling of transistor dimensions has enabled increased functionality with each new generation of integrated circuits. Historically, this scaling has followed Moore’s Law – which became a self-fulfilling prophecy – wherein the number of transistors on a chip is doubled every 18-24 months. However, a number of bottlenecks arise beyond c. 2020 that will impede this progress and this will lead to high heat dissipation in ICs, large power consumption, and low chip yield. Thus, beyond c. 2020, the electronics industry needs novel technologies that enable continued increases in chip functionality. Considering that the transition from research to manufacturing can take 10 years or more for novel technologies, there is considerable effort world-wide to identify next-generation enablers for electronics. Graphene is one of the most promising materials to replace Silicon, and this book discusses a number of aspects of graphene for nanoelectronics applications. With the growing interest in this material, this book serves as a spring-board for anyone trying to start working on this topic. The book contains in-depth discussions of graphene properties, transistors, novel state variables, interconnects, growth, and device fabrication.

  • Describes the transport properties of graphene;
  • Includes a detailed discussion of alternative state variables such as spin and excitons;
  • Provides insight into graphene transistors and interconnects for both analog and digital electronics;
  • Presents the latest advances in graphene growth by various techniques – epitaxial growth, chemical vapor deposition and chemical methods.